Addiction Behaviors Checklist
To track behaviors characteristic of addiction related to prescription opioid medications in chronic pain populations.
Current Opioid Misuse Measure®
To measure indicators of current aberrant drug-related behaviors
Numerical Opioid Side Effect Assessment Tool (NOSE)
The Numerical Opioid Side Effect (NOSE) assessment tool is a simple, rapid, self-administered instrument which has the potential to be utilized in a busy pain clinic setting in an effort to document and longitudinally follow trends of opioid adverse effects.
The 4 A’s
A user-friendly checklist that physicians can employ to monitor pain and treatment outcomes for patients receiving long-term opioid therapy for chronic pain. Based on extensive clinical experience, 4 domains have been described and summarized as the 4 A’s (analgesia, activities of daily living, adverse side effects, and aberrant drug-taking behaviors). The monitoring of these outcomes over time should affect therapeutic decisions and provide a framework for documentation of the clinical use of long-term opioid therapy.